Syllabus for MS 127 - The Harmony of Sound and Light
Harvey Mudd College, Fall 2014
F 1:15 - 4:00 Shanahan Recital Hall
Speculation about connections between the visual and aural senses goes back to antiquity,
but technology has provided tools to explore these connections as a new art form in ways
unimagined by early speculators such as Newton and Goethe. This course will introduce the
striking arts of abstract light and color, sometimes known as "visual music," from early
"color organs," to musical theories of abstract artists, masters of the non-objective
film animation such as Oskar Fischinger, early computer animators such as John Whitney, to
21st-century VJs. However, the emphasis in this class will be on the aesthetic background
to this history and its application in students' own creative projects.
In this course, students will learn to use POV-Ray, a 3-D computer graphics rendering language, to produce projects. You are free to use any alternative software you may already be familiar with, such as OpenGL, Blender, or Processing. Though the POV-Ray language is unrelated to conventional computer languages, some familiarity with coding is helpful when learning it. Therefore, the only prerequisite for this course is some familiarity with computer programming, such as you would find in HMC CS 5. If you are in doubt about your ability in this area, please come and talk with me.
Documentation for POV-Ray exists on the web. Other texts will be available on the class Sakai site or on reserve at Honnold Library for specific assignments and presentations.
At this time my office hours are Wed./Fri. 1:30-2:30 pm and Tues. 9:30 to 11:00 am. Please feel free to stop by at any of those times. It is possible that some of these times may change as my semester schedule develops. You may want to check the schedule on my door or contact me to confirm. If you cannot make it at those times, I would be happy to arrange an appointment at another time. I also welcome your email (alves @hmc.edu).
Discussions, questions, and updates on assignments between classes will be made through the class electronic mailing list: ms-127-l. This is an especially efficient method of asking routine but important questions about assignments, software or any other relevant issue.
Two organizations which preserve and promote art of this type are the iotaCenter and the Center for Visual Music. At their web sites you will find a page of links to artists and other resources, various articles, videos and books for sale, and other materials. There are also addresses for joining their email list of announcements and a discussion list.
In order to pass this class, a paper, presentation, and final project must be turned in.
There will be several short assignments during the course of the semester, including some using POV-Ray or another computer graphics language of your choice. POV-Ray is freeware and available for many different platforms. POV-Ray itself, tutorials, and other resources are available at http://www.povray.org/.
There will be one midterm and one final project. These are usually in the form of computer animations composed with POV-Ray, though you are free to use other computer graphics software. Alternative projects, such as term papers, may be substituted, depending on the proposal. These projects may require a proposal and an in-class presentation of interim progress, and a portion of the final grade may depend on a timely completion of both. At the end of the semester (the exact date to be determined), there will be a public screening of final projects. Final projects are due at that time. There will be no other final exam. Artistic projects will be evaluated on 1) creative insight, 2) effort, 3) creative application of principles discussed in class. I understand that students will have varying backgrounds and abilities in computer programming, art, and music, and these will also be taken into account.
A major part of this class will consist of presentations by students. These presentations must be more than a simple recited equivalent of a term paper. They should include interactive components, clear points, visual aids, and a detailed analysis of a particular work (when available). Presentations will be delivered in teams generally of three students each, and the correspondence between the different topics must be coordinated. A written term paper about the topic will also be due generally one week after the presentation. Papers will be graded not only on content but also on writing style, communication, format, and mechanics. A revision of the paper will be required by the end of the semester and will be graded separately.
Topics for the presentations will be distributed early in the semester. If you would like to request a particular topic, either one listed or not, I will try to accomodate your interests. Detailed information about your topic and my expectations will be available two weeks before a presentation. Presenters will meet with me one week before their presentation to discuss progress and direction. Presentations will be graded in part by your peers.
Because of the seminar format of this course, your attendance and participation in class discussions is vital to the success of everyone's experience. Your conscientious participation in the peer evaluation process is also very important. Therefore, class participation will be a significant factor in your grade, and each unexcused
absence beyond the first will result in one letter grade deduction from your final grade in
the class. Examples of reasons for excused absences include illness (with note from student health), family death, and religious holidays. Examples of unexcused absences include clinic trips, travel for sports, visits to grad schools, and airline travel for fall break.
Presentations cannot normally be made up. Other assignments will be penalized two letter grades per week late. However, I will always accept late work for some credit, no matter how late. Extensions are granted normally only for presenters (see below).
Dates may be revised depending on class progress.
|9/5||Introduction to the course; Correspondences|
|9/12||The nature of color; Color in art|
Introduction to POV-Ray
|9/19||Composition, form, and proportion in art|
The nature of abstraction
|9/26||Theories of abstraction|
Color organs and Lumia artists
|Presentation group 1|
|10/3||Early abstract film||Presentation group 2|
|10/10||The art of Oskar Fischinger||Presentation group 3|
Midterm project proposal
|10/17||John Whitney||Presentation group 4|
Midterm project interim version
|10/24||Other abstract animators||Midterm due|
|11/7||Animated Music: Bute, McLaren, others||Presentation group 5|
|11/14||No class -- HSA advising|
|11/21||The art of the "inner eye": Belson, James Whitney||Presentation group 6|
Final project proposal (by email)
|11/28||Free radicals: Lye, Smith, and others||Presentation group 7|
Final project storyboard
Final project interim critique
|Final project interim version|
|12/12||Contemporary artists||Final project due|
|12/14 8:30 PM||Final project screening|
Shanahan Recital Hall
HMC Academic Computing's
Policy on Appropriate Use of Computing and Network Resources applies to all students enrolled in this course. All students enrolled in this course are bound by the
Harvey Mudd College Honor Code in regards to activities related to this class, even non-HMC students.
Many of the following items will be primary sources for presentations. In that case, they are on reserve at Sprague library. There is also a
good annotated bibliography by Fred Callopy at rhythmiclight.com.
- Albers, Josef. Interaction of Color. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1963.
- Betancourt, Michael. The History of Motion Graphics: From Avant Garde to Industry in the United States. Wildside Press, 2013.
- Brougher, Kerry, Jeremy Strick, Ari Wiseman, and Judith Zilczer. Visual Music: Synaesthesia
in Art and Music Since 1900. London: Thames and Hudson, 2005.
- Critchlow, Keith. Islamic Patterns: An Analytical and Cosmological Approach. London: Thames and Hudson, 1976.
- Cutler, May Ebbitt. "Unique genius of Norman McLaren," Canadian Art v 22 (May 1965) 8-17.
- Eisenstein, Sergei. The Film Sense. Trans. and ed. by Jay Leyda. New York: Harcourt, Brace, and World, 1947.
- Gerstner, Karl. The Forms of Color: The Interaction of Visual Elements. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1986.
- Haller, Robert A. First Light. New York: Anthology Film Archives, 1998.
- Horak, Jan Christopher. "Discovering pure cinema: avant-garde film in the '20s," Afterimage v 8 (Summer 1980), p. 4.
- Hughes, F. J. Harmonies of Tones and Colours Developed by Evolution. London: Marcus Ward & Co., 1883.
- Paola Igliori, ed. American magus Harry Smith: A modern alchemist. New York: Inanout Press, 1996.
- Jones, Tom Douglas. The Art of Light and Color. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1972.
- Kandinsky, Wassily. Concerning the Spiritual in Art. Hilla Rebay and Howard Dearstyne, trans. New York: Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation for the Museum of Non-objective painting, 1947. Rpt. New York: Dover Publ., 1979.
- Kandinsky, Wassily. Point and Line to Plane. Hilla Rebay, trans. New York: Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation for the Museum of Non-objective painting, 1910/1946.
- Keefer, Cindy and Jaap Guldemond, ed. Oskar Fischinger 1900-1967: Experiments in Cinematic Abstraction. Amsterdam: EYE Filmmuseum, 2012.
- Kepes, Gyorgy. Language of Vision. Chicago: Paul Theobald, 1944.
- Kepes, Gyorgy, ed. The Nature and Art of Motion. New York: George Braziller, 1965.
- Klein, Adrian Bernard. Coloured Light: An Art Medium. London: The Technical Press, 1937.
- Macdonald, H. "Lighting the Fire: Skryabin and Color," The Musical Times, cxxiv (1983), 600.
- Malina , Frank J. ed. Kinetic art, Theory and practice. New York: Dover Publication, 1974.
- Mondrian, Piet. The New Art -- The New Life: The Collected Writings of Piet Mondrian.
Harry Holtzman and Martin S. James, ed. Boston: G. K. Hall & Co. 1987.
- Moritz, William. Optical Poetry: The Life and Work of Oskar Fischinger. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004.
- Moritz, William. "Mary Ellen Bute: Seeing Sound," Animation World Magazine . 1996.
- Moritz, William. "The Dream of Color Music and the Machines That Made it Possible," Animation World Magazine . 1997.
- O'Konor, Louise. Viking Eggeling (1880-1925): Artist and Filmmaker, Life and Work. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1971.
- Overheim, R. Daniel and David L. Wagner. Light and Color. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1982.
- Pellegrino, Ronald. The Electronic Arts of Light and Sound. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1983.
- Richter, Hans. Hans Richter. Neuchatel: Editions du Griffon, 1965.
- Rimington, A. Wallace. Colour-Music: The Art of Mobile Colour. New York: F. A. Stokes, 1911.
- Russet, Robert and Cecile Starr. Experimental Animation: Origins of a New Art. New York: Da Capo Press, 1988.
- Tan, Ying. "The Unknown Art of Jordan Belson," Animation Journal Spring 1999.
- Wees, William C. Light Moving in Time: Studies in the visual aesthetics of avant-garde film. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.
- Whitney, John. Digital Harmony: On the Complementarity of Music and Visual Art. Peterborough, NH: Byte Books, 1980.
- Woolman, Matt. Sonic Graphics: Seeing Sound. London: Thames and Hudson, 2000.
- Youngblood, Gene. Expanded Cinema. New York: E.P. Dutton, 1970.
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Updated on January 14, 2012, by Bill Alves (alves @hmc.edu).